What Did Your Brokerage Firm or Investment Adviser Do Wrong With GWG
Published On: July 19, 2019

Merrill Lynch has paid $40,000,000 to settle a case involving Boston financial advisor Charles Kenahan.  According to his FINRA BrokerCheck Report, two other clients have pending claims, one for over $42,000,000.  These cases all allege that, for many years, Charles Kenahan excessively traded and churned their accounts, resulting in extraordinary losses. Pursuant to an article published in InvestmentNews, one of those clients was the former New Hampshire governor, Craig Benson.

Churning or excessive trading is an all too common tactic used by unscrupulous brokers and financial advisors to generate commissions.  Especially in consistently “up” stock markets like the one currently being experienced, clients may not notice the deleterious impact this volume of trading has on their accounts. Churning/Excessive trading is considered a fraudulent act under state securities statutes.

Whether an account has been churned or excessively traded starts with the numbers. The two key components are turnover rate – meaning the rate at which the balance of the account is traded on an annualized basis.  The second important number is the cost/equity ratio, which is the rate of return your account must generate simply to cover fees and commissions. Courts traditionally look to the “2-4-6” rule to determine firstly whether trading is in fact excessive. The higher the number, the more likely a trier of fact will determine the account has been churned. Similarly, the higher the cost/equity ratio, the more likely there could be a finding of churning. If your account has to generate 15% returns just to pay your broker, chances are you’re being churned.

In Illinois, pursuant to Regulation 130.850 under the Illinois Securities Law of 1953 “No dealer or salesperson shall effect transactions for any customer’s account which are excessive in size or frequency or unsuitable in view of the financial resources of the customer…shall constitute an act, practice, or course of business that is fraudulent, deceptive or manipulative.” (Emphasis Added). In the State of Illinois, there is an absolute prohibition against effecting trades that are excessive in either their size or frequency. See also In the Matter of David J. Hackney, Ill. Sec. State No. C1400117, (March 26, 2014). In Hackney, the Illinois Securities Department ruled that trading involving a turnover rate of 7.28 and 23.46 combined with a commission/equity ratio of 24% and 101% constituted excessive trading under the law in violation of Section 12F of the Illinois Securities Law.

If you were a victim of Charles Kenahan or if you believe your account has been churned, please contact Stoltmann Law Offices in Chicago at 312-332-4200 for a free consultation with an attorney. We are a contingency fee lawf irm which means we do not get paid until you do!


The posting on this site are mere OPINIONS and NOT statements of fact in any way whatsoever. The information should not be relied upon and there have been no findings made against the firms or individuals referenced on this site. In addition, this Blog is made available for educational purposes only and incorporates information from the web as well as to give you general information and a general understanding of the law, not to provide specific legal advice. By using this blog site you understand that there is no attorney client relationship between you and Stoltmann Law Offices (161 N Clark Street 16th Floor Chicago, IL 60601). The Blog opinions should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed professional attorney in your state.


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If you have suffered financial losses because of the negligence or fraud of your financial advisor or broker through unsuitable investment recommendations, over-concentration, churning, misrepresenting risks, conversion or selling away, you have legal rights and options to pursue recovery of those losses.

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